The Dogra kings ruled the state of Jammu and Kashmir with an iron fist, with Muslim subjects having fewer rights than Hindus. The Defence Committee sent V.P. Menon, secretary of the Ministry of State, to Srinagar for an “on-site study” on the same day. The next day, he returned to New Delhi with his impressions and offered to send troops to Kashmir, stressing the “supreme need to save Kashmir from looters.” Deepotsav in Ayodhya: Watch the Saryu River blinding the lakhs of Diyas The Pakistani government denied membership and said it was fraudulent and that Singh was obliged to sign the agreement with India. During this fateful period, the Maharajah had no effective control over any of the constituent units of his state, with the exception of his own indigenous jammu. In fact, he had even alienated Muslims in Jammu, thousands of whom were massacred. Dogra`s tyrannical regime was hated in Kashmir, Gilgit and Baltistan. The end of British overlordy – that is, its shield – encouraged the inhabitants of these regions to rebel against the domination of the Maharaja. Between June and October 1947, a serious rebellion took place in Poonch. Christopher Snedden, author of The Untold Story of the People of Azad Kashmir, writes: “Maharaja Hari Singh has lost his guarantor, the Briton. He could no longer impose his will on the people of J-K almost with impunity because he knew that the British would support him or, at worst, ignore his actions.┬áThe Indian Independence Act of 1947 laid the legal basis for the British withdrawal from the subcontinent and guaranteed partition. On June 3, 1947, a status quo agreement was drawn up by the British-Indian government to ensure that “all administrative arrangements between the British Crown and the Spring State be maintained without amendment between the signatory states (India and Pakistan) and the State until new agreements are reached.” Meanwhile, Pakistan interpreted the fact that the J-K silence agreements with India were pending as meaning that the state would eventually join Pakistan. Pakistani Governor General Mohammad Ali Jinnah sent his private secretary Khurshid Hasan Khurshid to Srinagar to assure the Maharajah of signing an instrument of accession to Pakistan.

“His Majesty has been told that he is a sovereign who alone has the power to give membership; He does not need to consult; that he should not take care of Sheikh Abdullah or the National Conference…┬áJinnah`s letter, delivered by Khurshid to the Maharajah, said. On the other hand, Jawaharlal Nehru and Mahatma Gandhi wanted Kashmir to join India. Nehrus Kashmiri`s roots and friendship with Sheikh Abdullah led him to do so. However, due to the complications of Hyderabad, which wanted to join Pakistan, the government focused on Nizam. The Indian Independence Act of 1947 provided that from The fifteenth of August 1947, an independent Dominion, known as India, would be established and that the Government of India Act of 1935, with such omissions, additions, adaptations and modifications, as the Governor General had established by order, would apply to the Dominion of India.